Mission Failure

Mission Failure

America and the World in the Post-Cold War Era

Book - 2016
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"America's decision in 1991 to provide air defense to oppressed Kurds in Iraq after the Gulf War ushered in an entirely new era in American foreign policy. Until that moment, the United States had only used military power to defend against threats that its leaders thought would either weaken America's position in the world order or--in the worst case--threaten the homeland. But with this offer to the Kurds, the United States for the first time ever was now militarily involved in states that represented no threat, and with missions that were largely humanitarian and socio-political. After establishing the Kurdish no-fly zone, the US in quick succession intervened in Somalia, Haiti, and Kosovo. Even after 9/11, it decided that it had a duty to not just invade Iraq, but reconstruct Iraqi society along Western lines. In Mission Failure, the eminent scholar Michael Mandelbaum provides a comprehensive history of post-Cold War American foreign policy to show why this new approach was doomed to failure. Mandelbaum argues that all major foreign policy initiatives, both before and after September 11, 2001, had a basic feature in common: all were missions to transform other countries along Western lines, and all failed. This shift in policy did result in several positive effects, including a broad expansion of democracy and strong growth in the global economy. However, the U.S. had neither the capacity nor the will to change societies that were dramatically different from our own. Over two decades later, we can see the wreckage: a broken Iraq, a teetering Afghanistan, and a still-impoverished Haiti. Mandelbaum does not deny that American foreign policy has always had a strong ideological component. Instead, he argues that focusing solely on ideology at the expense of realism generally leads to mission failure"--
"In Mission Failure, Mandelbaum argues that, in the past 25 years, U.S. foreign policy has undergone a significant shift. Historically, U.S. foreign policy was oriented primarily toward threat reduction, but the U.S. military has turned in recent years to missions that are largely humanitarian and socio-political. Mandelbaum argues that ideologically-driven foreign policy--that which seeks to reconstruct societies along Western lines--generally leads to mission failure"--
Publisher: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2016]
ISBN: 9780190469474
Branch Call Number: 327.73 MANDELBAUM
Characteristics: ix, 485 pages ; 25 cm


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Mar 17, 2016

I haven't read this book yet, but it appears to follow along the lines of this Johns Hopkins University academic's previous writings - - fantasy history 101 -- American exceptionalism with little or no factual basis. A typical example of American foreign policy, as current today as it was back in the 1950s during the Eisenhower Administration: the CIA-sponsored coup against capitalist and democratically-elected president, Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala!
Arbenz took back some of Guatemala's land, which was being held in reserve by United Fruit, in order to build a middle class. At that time, a member of the Cabot family was on their board of directors, and both he and Henry Cabot Lodge were shareholders in the corporation - - the first director of the CIA, W. Beddard Smith, would be United Fruit's CEO after the coup; most of all, Floyd Odlum, the financier behind Eisenhower's presidential campaign, was the number one major shareholder in United Fruit - - it had nothing to do with national security of the USA, or spreading democracy, always about the super-rich - - PERIOD!
In present time, Gaddafi, the crazy bloody dictator of Libya, whom the Clinton Administration had the abominable amorality to exreme rendition a pro-democracy Libyan activist back to Gaddafi for torture and worse - - would be overthrown by // rebels \\ when Gaddafi was making headway in persuading African countries to go along with his Afro-centric currency, and dropping the US dollar as the trading currency! Within two weeks of Gaddafi's death, the rebels would establish a central bank using US currency! Note the financial connection throughout?


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